Poster Presentation 64th International Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association 2015

Thelazia callipaeda in wild animals in the Russian Far East (#186)

Alexander Khrustalev 1 , Vladimir Shaitanov 2 , Ivan Seriodkin 3
  1. Laboratory of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, K.I. Skriabin All-Russian Institute for fundamental and applied parasitology of animal and plants, Moscov, Russia
  2. Laboratory of Entomology and Acarology, K.I. Skriabin All-Russian Institute for fundamental and applied parasitology of animal and plants, Moscov, Russia
  3. Laboratory of Ecology and protection of animals, Pacific Institute of Geography FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

Thelazia callipaeda is a spirurid nematode selectively parasitic in eyes of carnivores and humans. It usually localizes in a conjuctival sac causing medium to severe inflammation of conjuctiva such as conjuctivitis, keratitis and ulcers of cornea. Within the Russian Federation, the infection of T. callipaeda was reported in dogs, cats, foxes and racoon dogs in the Russian Far East. Wild carnivores sampled in Primorskiy Krai were examined posthumously in the period from the winter 2012 to the summer 2014.Conjuctival sacs of the animals including the space under a nictitating membrane were examined for the presence of thelaziids. Totally, 544 animals were examined including 492 specimens of sables (Martes zibellina), 25 Siberian weasels (Mustela sibirica), 11 racoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides), 4 American minks (Neovison vison), 3 Amur leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus), 3 foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 2 yellow-throated martens (Martes flavigula) and one specimen each of lynx (Lynx lynx), European badger (Meles meles), brown bear (Ursus arctos) and Asian black bear (U. thibetanus). Morphological study of helminthes and their species identification were performed under light microscope. Totally, 6,8% (37 out of 544) of examined animals were found infected by T. callipaeda. Helminths were detected in 28 sables from 492 examined, in 5 raccoon dogs from 11 in 2 foxes from 3 in one lynx and Asian black bear examined. Sable, Asian black bear and lynx were registered as hosts of T. callipaeda for the first time (until present, the only record of T. callipaeda infection in the lynx was related to the zoo). Our own data as well as the analysis of the previous research indicate on a presence of the persistent infection nidus in the Russian Far East which poses threats for the epidemiological situation in the area. Supported by the grant 14-16-00026 from Russian Scientific Foundation.